Looking at Migraine vs Headache
“Wow, I have such a migraine right now!” It is a common misconception that a bad headache is a migraine. The reality is, a headache and migraine are different.
What Is a Headache?
Headaches range from mild to severe head pain. Aching and pressure on both sides of the head, forehead, temples and neck pain are common.
Over 150 different types of headaches can occur; the most well known types of headaches are cluster, sinus, and tension headaches. Stress and chronic daily headaches are the most common among adults and teens.
The least common type of headache is cluster headaches — they are often the most severe type. The pain can be constant with intense piercing, throbbing and burning pain throughout the head and behind the eyes.
Cluster headaches happen over a period of time that group together. They can occur several times a day for lengths of time or disappear for months only to come back and cluster again.
Sinus headaches are very common. They are triggered when the sinuses get inflamed from weather or other outside factors.
Sinus headache pain is deep within the forehead, nose and cheekbones with runny nose, fullness of ears and face swelling. Sinus medication and ear, nose and throat (ENT) doctors can treat sinus headaches.
Tension type headaches can be treated with over-the-counter medications or may not be needed. Acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen can be helpful, but can cause rebound headaches and should be used with caution.
Treatment will depend on how frequent and intense the headache is. Adults and children can have transformed headaches, which is a combination of migraine and tension type headaches. These are more complicated in treatment and will require medical professional advice for medication purposes.
Once the type of headache and triggers are identified, a doctor can find an effective treatment plan to treat and prevent headaches.
Headache Triggers and Treatment
Common triggers for headaches are:
- Muscle strain
- Sinus pressure
Relaxation techniques can work as a preventative to reduce stress and anxiety:
- Massage and neck stretching help with muscle tension and recoil.
- Meditation, relaxation exercises and visualization calm the body and mind in order to deal with head pain more efficiently.
- Heat and ice therapy, through showers, heating pads, and ice packs, can help with pain.
What Is a Migraine?
Migraine is described as pounding, throbbing pain that is moderate to severe. The length of time can vary from hours to days or weeks.
Migraines typically affect one side of the head, but can resonate through both sides in many cases.
Episodic migraine is described as less than 15 migraine days a month. Chronic migraines are defined as more than 15 migraine days a month and can extremely affect quality of life and daily tasks. They occur more often in women, but are not uncommon to be found in children and men.
A small percentage of children are known to have abdominal migraines, which include digestive symptoms and stomach pains. The intensity of some migraine headaches require emergency room visits to contain.
Many symptoms precede migraine in a prodome and aura phase. Prodome can happen from 12 to 24 hours prior to a migraine attack. Aura typically occurs 10 minutes to an hour before an attack — not all migraine sufferers have aura.
Aura symptoms include: seeing spots or flashing lights, blind spots or wavy lines in vision, phantom smells, unusual sense of taste or heightened touch, lack of mental alertness or clarity, and tingling or numbness in hands or face
Next page: a look at migraine symptoms and triggers, and how to treat them.